Teleostei (teleosts) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 89972). Tropical; 15°N - 15°S
Pacific Ocean: Queensland, Australia and New Guinea to the Marshall and Tuamoto islands.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 7.5, range 7 - 8 cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Adults inhabit passages and outer reef slopes. Known to occur at 25°C. Feed chiefly on planktonic copepods, algae, echiuroid and sipunculoid worms, and pelagic tunicates. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, Stichodactyla haddoni, and Stichodactyla mertensii (Ref. 5911). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 128797.
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Spawning pairs can be found throughout the year. The total annual egg production is estimated at 3,000 - 5,000 eggs (Ref. 237). Fecundity ranges from 128 - 632 (Ref. 237). Also Ref. 7471, 240.
Fautin, D.G. and G.R. Allen, 1992. Field guide to anemonefishes and their host sea anemones. Western Australian Museum, Francis Street, Perth. (Ref. 5911)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27.2 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 146 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01149 - 0.04783), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; Fec=128-632).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 99.7 [50.6, 157.0] mg/100g; Iron = 0.813 [0.502, 1.341] mg/100g; Protein = 18.2 [16.9, 19.3] %; Omega3 = 0.105 [0.065, 0.169] g/100g; Selenium = 33.4 [18.4, 65.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 48.3 [11.9, 184.6] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.73 [1.17, 2.53] mg/100g (wet weight);