Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 730 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical; 30°N - 15°N
Eastern Pacific: throughout the Hawaiian Islands, including the Leeward Group; rare in Johnston Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 32 - 36. Head and breast bluish gray, body yellowish or white. Head with irregular, oblique dark lines merging with many closely packed spots on body; region of mouth plus the lips white. Caudal fin red to orange, with a black sub terminal band; soft dorsal and anal fins clear to yellowish. Pelvic rudiment large narrowly attached to blackish posterior margin of ventral flap. Scale spinulation on midbody somewhat longer, finer and more acute than other species; each scale with high transverse ridge; male scale ridge rugosities develop at about 75 mm SL.
Inhabits coral reef areas (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic over rock, rubble and sand; juveniles epi- and benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on algae, small benthic invertebrates, and corals (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hutchins, J.B., 1986. Review of the monacanthid fish genus Pervagor, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (12):35 p. (Ref. 527)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 5.5 - 15.2, mean 8.7 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00939 - 0.04240), b=2.93 (2.76 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 52.8 [21.1, 135.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.706 [0.330, 1.782] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [15.4, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.143 [0.064, 0.316] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.7 [24.1, 133.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 60.8 [14.4, 257.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.33 [0.82, 2.16] mg/100g (wet weight);