Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Diodontidae
Etymology: Chilomycterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 13 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida, USA and the Bahamas to northern South America. Eastern Atlantic: off Mauritania (Ref. 5377).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26938)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 12. Spines on head and body short, fixed, and with a fleshy sheath, those on sides and top of body more vertically erect; 10 to 12 spines in an approximate row from snout to dorsal fin; a long fleshy tentacle above eye; small black spots on head and body but not on fins (Ref. 13442).
Occurs usually on or near coral reefs (Ref. 7251). Rare, most often found from seagrass beds (Ref. 13442).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 1017 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04677 (0.01914 - 0.11431), b=2.82 (2.61 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 53.1 [21.0, 112.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.573 [0.344, 1.147] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.6, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.068, 0.240] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.2 [17.6, 75.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 55.7 [17.1, 180.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.01 [0.66, 1.55] mg/100g (wet weight);