Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical; 32°N - 9°N
Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida in USA and Bahamas to Panama and Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92840)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 7 - 8;
soft rays: 12. Whitish with a row of five dark yellowish brown double spots on lower side of body; head and dorsal part of body with irregular yellowish brown spots of variable; caudal fin with chevron markings (Ref. 13442); body is slightly elongate; ventral fins completely united (Ref. 92840).
Found on silty open bottoms (Ref. 9710). Shares burrow with alpheid shrimp, usually in open bottom in less than 9 m depth.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion