Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Scytalinidae
Etymology: Scytalina: Greek, skytale, -es = branch; cylindrical piece of wood used by Spartan army, with a paper tied around it containing orders or comunnications from the courts. It is also a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Temperate
Eastern Pacific: Bering Sea coast of Alaska to Diablo Cove, central California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Found in rocky areas, tide pools and off beaches (Ref. 2850). Burrows in loose gravel and sand or among broken shells on the bottom (Ref. 2850). May not utilize the intertidal zone for reproductive and recruitment purposes (Ref. 56899).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 5.7 - 14.8, mean 9.8 °C (based on 220 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).