Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Pholidae
(Gunnels) > Pholinae
Etymology: Pholis: Greek, pholis, -idos = scale (Ref. 45335); clemensi: Named after Dr. W.A. Clemens, Canadian zoologist and educator (Ref. 6885).
More on author: Rosenblatt.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 7 - 64 m (Ref. 2850). Temperate
Eastern Pacific: Fillmore Island, southeastern Alaska to Arena Cove, Mendocino County, northern California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 87 - 90;
soft rays: 50 - 53. Caudal small; pectorals ovoid; pelvic fins minute (Ref. 6885). Color in life variable, magenta and silver; dark marks at base of dorsal fin in about 15 light targets, and vague darker inverted U's on lower part of body; head somewhat darker above with a light mark running back from eye (Ref. 6885).
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Found in rocky areas (Ref. 2850); entirely subtidal (Ref. 48978).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 8 - 10.8, mean 9.3 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00162 (0.00068 - 0.00388), b=3.19 (2.99 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).