Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Seriphus: Greek, seriphos, -ou, serphos = a mosquito or winged ant (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Ayres.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 21 m (Ref. 2850), usually 1 - 8 m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical; 54°N - 23°N, 133°W - 109°W
Eastern Pacific: Yaquina Bay in Oregon, USA to southern Baja California, Mexico. Recorded from British Columbia, Canada (Ref. 11980).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 10.3, range 10 - 10.5 cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Occur inshore, often over sandy bottoms. Common in bays and tidal sloughs, around pilings. Moves to deeper water at night (Ref. 9118). Form schools. Feed on small shrimps, marine worms and fishes (Ref. 9118). Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049).
Mean interval between spawnings is about 7.4 days (Refs. 51164, 51165).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 9.6 - 18.6, mean 11 °C (based on 159 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00278 - 0.01190), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; Annual fecundity = 300,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100).