Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Emmelichthyops: Greek, emmelyes, -es, -es = harmonious + Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek,ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bahamas to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Found in oceanic waters (Ref. 9626), sometimes over coral heads (Ref. 9710). Swims in schools to depths of 64 m (Ref. 26938). Feeds on zooplankton and small fishes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.2 - 28, mean 26 °C (based on 352 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.63 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95 [34, 203] mg/100g; Iron = 0.824 [0.399, 1.602] mg/100g; Protein = 18.5 [16.6, 20.4] %; Omega3 = 0.112 [0.053, 0.229] g/100g; Selenium = 32.2 [15.6, 67.2] μg/100g; VitaminA = 184 [71, 502] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.41 [0.89, 2.28] mg/100g (wet weight);