Teleostei (teleosts) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae
(Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Lucania: Taken from the Italian province of Lucania, near tarento (Ref. 45335); parva: Lucania (coined name without meaning); parva meaning small (Ref. 79012).
More on authors: Baird & Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 2 m. Subtropical; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059); 43°N - 17°N, 98°W - 69°W
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts and northern Gulf of Mexico to Florida Keys in USA and northeastern Mexico. Ascends Rio Grande and Pecos River in Texas and New Mexico in USA (Ref. 5723).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 2.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37039); common length : 3.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits vegetated quiet water and usually swims several inches below surface of water. 7 cm max TL (Ref. 5723). Feeds on larval crustaceans (mainly cyclopoid and harpacticoid copepods), mosquito larvae, small worms, and mollusks (Ref. 79012). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. (Ref. 27139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion