Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Catostomidae
(Suckers) > Catostominae
Etymology: Erimyzon: Greek, eri = aumentative prefix, a lot + Greek, myzo = to suckle (Ref. 45335); oblongus: oblongus, meaning oblong (Ref. 10294). More on author: Mitchill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 44°N - 29°N
North America: Maine to Altamaha River in Georgia, USA; Lake Ontario drainage in New York, USA; from Chattahoochee River in Alabama and Escambia River in Florida to San Jacinto River in Texas, USA; lower Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from Michigan and Wisconsin to Gulf of Mexico in USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 19.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sand and gravel-bottomed pools of clear headwaters, creeks and small rivers, often near vegetation. Occasionally found in lakes (Ref. 5723). Feeds on microcrustacea, aquatic insects and some algae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00781 - 0.02329), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=6; Fec=29,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .