Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 10°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614); 44°N - 40°N, 16°E - 21°E
Europe: Neretva, Trebisnjica and Ljuta drainages (Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91127)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Can be diagnosed from its congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by the following characters: 44-51 scales on lateral line; free margin of each flank scale with a row of black pigments, forming a regular reticulate pattern and anterior half of exposed field of each flank scale lacking conspicuous broad dark spot; dorsal fin usually with 8-9½ branched rays; anal fin with 9-10½ (usually 10½ ) branched rays; eye diameter 19-23% HL; head shallow, conical; snout stout, markedly rounded; lower jaw short, length less than depth of operculum; and mouth subterminal (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in streams with swift water, lakes in karstic areas and enters subterranean waters (Ref. 59043). Adults inhabit water bodies on the low plains, with little current. Feeds on invertebrates. Threatened due to pollution, the introduction of other species and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Crivelli, A.J., 1996. The freshwater fish endemic to the Mediterranean region. An action plan for their conservation. Tour du Valat Publication, 171 p. (Ref. 26100)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00572 - 0.01266), b=3.13 (3.01 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.32; tmax=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .