Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Heckel & Kner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 48°N - 44°N, 12°E - 22°E
Europe: Danube drainage: systems of Nera (Romania), Sava, Kupa (Slovenia, Croatia), Morava (Serbia), Vit and Iantra (Bulgaria). Extirpated in Jiu (Romania) and perhaps Iantra (Bulgaria).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85455); 16.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Lamina ocularis absent. Body depth is 10-13% of SL. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z2 a continuous narrow line, reaching at least below dorsal base; zone Z3 racing below dorsal base.
Found in moderate to fast-flowing stretches of shallow rivers, on sandy banks and shores, sometimes on rock bottom with submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Population not threatened as most are stable and occurs only as a few restricted populations (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00253 - 0.00947), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).