Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 45°N - 42°N, 15°E - 18°E
Europe: Neretva drainage in Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91127); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 126005)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from its congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by having the following characters: scales on lateral line 50-59; mouth arched and lower lip with thin cornified sheath; ½ 7-8/1/5 scales in transverse row between dorsal-fin and pelvic-fin origins; dorsal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; and 19-24 gill rakers (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams with clear water and lakes (Ref. 59043). Occurs in water bodies on low plains, with little current. Threatened by habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00347 - 0.01045), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=7.5; Fecundity = 2000-16,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100).