Teleostei (teleosts) > Callionymiformes
(Dragonets) > Callionymidae
Etymology: Callionymus: Greek, kallion, comparative of kallos = beautiful + Greek, onyma = name; with a better name .
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical; 46°N - 35°N, 10°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea: Portuguese coast to as far north as Lisbon; also known from the northern Mediterranean including the Adriatic, Aegean and Black seas as well as Lebanon and Israel.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5968); 10.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits shallow waters with sandy bottoms, occasionally found at a depth of 100 m. Feeds on small bottom invertebrates, mainly worms and crustaceans (Ref. 5968).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fricke, R., 1986. Callionymidae. p. 1086-1093. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 5968)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 12.1 - 19.4, mean 17.1 °C (based on 234 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00474 - 0.01602), b=2.70 (2.55 - 2.85), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 115 [26, 356] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.35 [0.51, 4.87] mg/100g ; Protein = 3.17 [0.00, 6.98] % ; Omega3 = 0.328 [0.142, 0.735] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.4 [3.6, 55.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.5 [6.1, 59.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.04 [0.53, 2.10] mg/100g (wet weight);