Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Urotrygonidae
(American round stingrays)
Etymology: Urobatis: Greek,oura = tail + Greek, batis, batidos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 91 m (Ref. 12951), usually 1 - 21 m (Ref. 96339). Subtropical; 43°N - 7°N, 125°W - 79°W (Ref. 55315)
Eastern Pacific: northern California (USA) to Ecuador.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 24 cm
Max length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 1.4 kg (Ref. 4699)
Occurs on sand, rubbly or mud bottom off beaches and in bays and sloughs; near seagrasses, usually shallower than 15 m. Adult females profuce 2 litters of up to 6 pups per year (Ref. 2850, 114953), sometimes around rocky reefs (Ref. 12951). Feeds on benthic invertebrates and small fishes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male grasps disc margin of female, flips under her, and inserts a clasper. Mating lasts about 5 minutes.
Last, P.R., W.T. White, M.R. de Carvalho, B. Séret, M.F.W. Stehmann and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Rays of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Comstock Publishing Associates. i-ix + 1-790. (Ref. 114953)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion