Information on distribution attached to this species may be in error ; data will be corrected as soon as possible following Randall et al., 2014 (Ref. and (Ref. 106074
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 20 m (Ref. 48636). Tropical
Indian Ocean: from Visakhapatnam and Tuticorin on the east coast of India, and Kovalam in Kerala on the southwest coast.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6645)
soft rays: 34 - 42;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 49-60 pored lateral-line scales; 4.5-5.5 scale rows above lateral line; 14-18 (usually 16) circumpeduncular scales; absence of blackish spot on pectoral fin base; usually only the tip of dorsal fin blackish; eye huge, diameter 13.0-15.3% SL, 43.6-51.5% HL; very deep body 44.6-49.1% SL; sides of body usually with irregular faint longitudinal light stripes (Ref. 95675).
Usually solitary in caves or under large overhanging corals to about 20 m depth (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Koeda, K., T. Yoshino, H. Imai and K. Tachinara, 2014. A review of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes, Pempheridae) of the Red Sea, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3793(3):301-330. (Ref. 95675)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.1 - 29.2, mean 28 °C (based on 1128 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00547 - 0.03037), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 254 [154, 450] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.38 [0.77, 2.25] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.7, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.176 [0.100, 0.310] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.4 [20.5, 75.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.5 [6.6, 58.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [1.03, 2.12] mg/100g (wet weight);