Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Claroteidae
(Claroteid catfishes) > Auchenoglanidinae
Etymology: Auchenoglanis: Greek, auchen = neck + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 28; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 21°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: most rivers of West Africa (Ref. 57126, 78218), Chad basin (Ref. 3236, 57126), Congo River drainage (Ref. 3236, 78218), Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 78218), Nile system in Ethiopia and Sudan (Ref. 28714, 58460), Lake Turkana drainage, including Omo River (Ref. 3236, 52331, 58460), and Shabeelle (Ref. 3236, 58460).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 39 - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4967)
soft rays: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: head width usually less than 2/3 of standard length (Ref. 57126). Snout long and pointed, generally greater than half the head length in adults (Ref. 28714), length more than 0.9 times the head width in adults (less in juveniles) (Ref. 57126). Hind margin of adipose fin rounded; premaxillary dentition forming (in adults) two close-set oval plates (Ref. 57126). Maxillary barbel often blackish and only rarely reaching to anterior margin of opercula (Ref. 57126), usually not reaching beyond eye and much shorter than outer mandibular barbel (Ref. 28714, 81642). 8-12 (usually 10 or 11) gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; palatine membrane with multiple invaginations, 1-4 of them forming longer lobes; dorsal margin of cleithral process ending in a point (visible only in adults)(Ref. 57126).
Inhabits lakes and large rivers (Ref. 4967). Has never been observed in large quantities in forested areas (Ref. 57126). Occurs in shallow water with muddy bottom. Bottom feeder, omnivore, feeds on plankton, seeds, detritus (Ref. 13868), mollusks (Ref. 13868, 28714), mud, debris (Ref. 28714), insect larvae (Ref. 6868, 28714), worms and small Crustacea (Ref. 6868). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Nested eggs are guarded by the male parent (Ref. 47642). Furthermore, the male plays host to eggs and young of Dinotopterus cunningtoni which takes advantage of the already prepared nest and feed on the host brood (Ref. 49546). An example of interspecific brood care.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are brooded and guarded by the male parent (Ref. 47642).
Risch, L.M., 2003. Claroteidae. p. 60-96 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57126)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00551 - 0.01899), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.33 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95.6 [51.8, 186.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.43 [0.86, 2.46] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [16.0, 18.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.402 [0.159, 1.013] g/100g ; Selenium = 77.5 [35.5, 168.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22 [8, 53] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [0.98, 2.09] mg/100g (wet weight);