Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335); coubie: Named after the vernacular name of the specimens in Cairo (Egypt), which were used for the original description (Ref. 26192).
More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 6°N - 6°S
Africa: very widespread, within the drainage basin of the Nile (Ref. 1440, 2801, 28714), Chad, Niger-Bénoué, Volta, Senegal and Gambia basins, as well as Cross River (Ref. 1440, 2940, 81282). Report from Cameroon coastal rivers (Ref. 1440) unconfirmed in Ref 81639. Not reliable known from the Congo River basin (Ref. 1440) and one controversial record from the East coast of Africa (Ref. 1440). Ref. 2801 reports presence in Warri (Nigeria) and Kingani (Tanzania).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 22.0, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 3799)
soft rays: 8 - 11;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. Diagnosis: dorsal profile straight to slightly arched; body dark and dull; rostral lobe poorly developed, its free margin smooth (Ref. 2940, 81282). Distal margin of dorsal fin straight or convex; inner surface of lips with 4-10 transverse folds or costae (Ref. 2940, 28714, 81282). Inferior mouth with well-developed lips forming a sucker-like ring enclosing the jaws; snout typically swollen, as long as or much longer than the postocular part of the head (Ref. 28714). Body not cylindriform, its depth 27-39% of SL (Ref. 28714) or 2.3-3.3 times in SL (Ref. 2940, 81282). Depth of caudal peduncle 0.7-1.3x its length; 26-46 (50-150mm) and 37-47 (150-250mm) gill rakers; scale formula 5.5-7.5/36-40/6.5-7.5; 4.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 16 (18) scales around caudal peduncle (Ref. 2940, 81282). 11-14 dorsal fin branched rays (Ref. 2940, 28714, 81282).
Inhabit rivers (Ref. 4967).
Tshibwabwa, S.M., 1997. Systématique des espèces africaines du genre Labeo (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) dans les régions ichtyogéographiques de Basse-Guinée et du Congo. II. Presses Universitaires de Namur, Namur, Belgique. 227 p. (Ref. 26192)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00762 - 0.01197), b=3.05 (3.01 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Generation time: 5.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.12-0.26; tmax=5; Fec > 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 143 [40, 249] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.881 [0.539, 1.555] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [15.7, 17.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.388 [0.153, 1.012] g/100g ; Selenium = 382 [148, 1,055] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [4.7, 31.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.32 [0.71, 2.58] mg/100g (wet weight);