Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Oncorhynchus: Greek, onyx, -ychos = nail + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 65°N - 34°N, 127°E - 158°E
Northwest Pacific: Japan and adjacent waters.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 79.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 10.0 kg (Ref. 9988)
The fluviatile form generally inhabits headwaters and often maintains a territory; it feeds mainly on insects but also on small crustaceans and fishes. The sea-run form goes downstream forming schools, and after a short stay in the brackish zone enters the sea where it feeds on small fishes and pelagic crustaceans. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are buried in unguarded nests (Ref. 205). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Reproductive strategy: synchronous ovarian organization, determinate fecundity (Ref. 51846).
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Endangered (A1ac; B2abcde+3abd); Date assessed: 01 August 1996
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 0.3 - 16.5, mean 3.3 °C (based on 86 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00610 - 0.01496), b=3.02 (2.89 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=4; tmax=6; Fec=1,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.8 [7.1, 120.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.225 [0.111, 0.428] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.9, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 2.27 [1.01, 5.37] g/100g ; Selenium = 164 [56, 462] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.5 [4.5, 61.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.69 [0.35, 1.31] mg/100g (wet weight);