Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zeniontidae
Etymology: Zenion: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life .
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 400 m (Ref. 559). Deep-water
Western Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559), Hong Kong (Ref. 12082) and Australia. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Found on the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 7300, 75154). Benthic species (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.9 - 18.9, mean 13.9 °C (based on 43 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5703 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00481 - 0.03145), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .