Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059); 69°N - 43°N, 11°W - 58°E
Europe: several countries in central and eastern Europe. Northeast Atlantic: Ireland to Netherlands, Germany and the countries along the coast of the Baltic Sea. Maritime stocks may be extinct (Ref. 4537). Listed in Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 556)
In brackish water and main rivers; no evidence that it enters marine waters (Ref. 59043). Also non-migratory freshwater populations (Ref. 13696). Feeds on zooplankton, supplemented by benthic invertebrates in adults. Extinct since about 1940 (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00261 - 0.01056), b=3.22 (3.06 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High vulnerability (63 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.9 [15.0, 63.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.261 [0.159, 0.417] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.5, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 1.69 [0.70, 4.74] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.4 [9.3, 52.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.69 [2.64, 28.94] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.677 [0.521, 0.918] mg/100g (wet weight);