Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Oreochromis: Latin, aurum = gold + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Angolan Atlantic coastal rivers (Ref. 120641), including the lower reaches of the Bengo and Quanza (Cuanza) Rivers (Ref. 2, 120641) and lakes and lagoons in their neighbourhood (Ref. 2). Report from the Chiloango (Ref. 120641) unconfirmed in Ref. 81260.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 10;
Vertebrae: 29. Diagnosis: outer teeth of jaws in females and young males bicuspid except a few lateral unicuspids, but mature males with many unicuspids, until at about 20cm SL nearly all outer teeth are unicuspid and the posterior are enlarged; pharyngeal teeth fine and dense, with blade of lower pharyngeal bone longer than toothed area; 21-26 gill-rakers on lower part of first arch; 29 vertebrae; 15-16, rarely 17 dorsal spines; total dorsal rays 27 or 28; caudal fin not scaly; genital papilla in both sexes complex, in the male elongate, bifid and tasselled; white spots on pelvic fins of mature males and on dorsal, anal and base of caudal in both sexes; dentition and coloration of mature males diagnostic (Ref. 2).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p. (Ref. 2)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00747 - 0.04041), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .