Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
This species is a synonym of Lepidion lepidion according to Bañón et al. 2013 (Ref. 93087) and Barros-García et al. 2016 (Ref. 109127).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Temperate; 75°N - 42°N, 66°W - 1°W (Ref. 1371)
North Atlantic: Bay of Biscay, along the western slopes of the British Isles, along the Iceland-Faroe Ridge of Iceland, Greenland, Davis Straits, Northern Labrador and the Grand Banks of Labrador. Rare in the western Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.6 - 10.2, mean 6.6 °C (based on 136 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00319 - 0.01647), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 21.4 [10.9, 40.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.269 [0.152, 0.466] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [15.7, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.668 [0.333, 1.278] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.2 [11.6, 44.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.1 [6.4, 80.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.578 [0.395, 0.851] mg/100g (wet weight);