Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Uraspis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, aspis = shield (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 130 m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 30°N - 36°S, 22°E - 154°W
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and the Persian Gulf eastward to Sri Lanka; then from India to the Philippines and Oahu, Hawaii, north to the Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 559), south to northern Australia. Recently recorded from Reunion (Ref. 53568).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)
Adults occur in the continental shelf (Ref. 7300). They form schools in depths from 50 to at least 130 m. They feed on epibenthic crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 37816).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.9 - 28.3, mean 27.2 °C (based on 781 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00646 - 0.02815), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.4 [8.2, 40.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.36 [0.18, 0.72] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.3, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.252 [0.129, 0.514] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.9 [4.5, 27.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.9 [7.2, 187.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.504 [0.303, 0.819] mg/100g (wet weight);