Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Decapterus: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 100 - 300 m (Ref. 3197), usually 150 - 300 m (Ref. 3197). Deep-water; 38°N - 26°S, 34°E - 148°E
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to the Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197); common length : 30.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)
soft rays: 22 - 25. Deep bodied compared to similar species (Ref. 48635). Body color bluish green above, silvery below; caudal fin bright red. Sometimes a yellow mid-lateral stripe (Ref. 48635). Opercle with a small black spot; margin of opercular membrane smooth. 31-38 scutes.
Adults are found in deep waters. They feed on small planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 5213). Occasionally seen in small groups along reef slopes at moderate depths. Mainly known from trawls and shows red tail after capture (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.5 - 22.4, mean 15 °C (based on 274 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00933 - 0.02140), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.63).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 41.6 [10.0, 124.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.13 [0.37, 2.64] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [18.6, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.309 [0.133, 0.701] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.2 [7.3, 71.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.6 [3.0, 71.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.478 [0.250, 0.909] mg/100g (wet weight);