Teleostei (teleosts) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 80 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 32°N - 22°S
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Tonga.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 85.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9137); max. published weight: 2.6 kg (Ref. 3287)
Adults inhabit coastal waters. They occur singly or in small to large schools (Ref. 90102) at a depth of 15 m or less along steep drop-offs. Piscivore (Ref. 97629). Maximum depth reported taken from Ref. 128797.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1984. Carangidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3287)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 3170 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00771 - 0.03916), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29.4 [17.6, 66.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.21 [0.55, 2.51] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.8 [18.2, 22.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.16 [0.09, 0.29] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.25 [4.26, 21.38] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.1 [5.1, 194.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.724 [0.389, 1.601] mg/100g (wet weight);