Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
() > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 35 m (Ref. 40849), usually 0 - 22 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 35°N - 33°N, 100°W - 33°W
Western Atlantic: New Jersey (USA), Bermuda, and Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil; throughout the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626). Most common in the West Indies (Ref. 26938).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 31.0, range 26 - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6937); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 8.2 kg (Ref. 3277)
Common in clear insular areas or in coral reefs off mainland coasts (Ref. 5217). Juveniles frequent areas with algae (e.g. Sargassum) (Ref. 26235). Usually in schools which may be spawning groups; occasionally solitary. Feeds on fishes, shrimps and other invertebrates. Marketed fresh (Ref. 56217). Easily approached (Ref. 9710). Large individuals have caused ciguatera when eaten (Ref. 13442).
Berry, F.H. and W.F. Smith-Vaniz, 1978. Carangidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.]. (Ref. 3277)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30302)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.2 - 28, mean 26.8 °C (based on 420 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.01285 - 0.01955), b=2.94 (2.91 - 2.97), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.24; tm=3; Fec=800,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .