Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Phosichthyidae
Etymology: Vinciguerria: Because of Decio Vinciguerria, Italian ichthyiologist from Genova, 1856-1934 (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 50 - 1500 m (Ref. 104125), usually 300 - 600 m (Ref. 47377). Deep-water; 43°N -
Circumglobal (Ref. 3988), subtropical waters (Ref.47377). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Cape Verde, including the eastern Mediterranean. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 27768). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Western Pacific: Australia (including Western Australia and Tasmania) (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Pacific: Seaward edge of the California Current region (Ref. 35839); also found in Chile (Ref. 9068). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Epi- (Ref. 58302) and mesopelagic, mostly found at 300-600 m during the day and at 50-350 m at night (Ref. 3988, 58302); both juveniles and adults make diel vertical migrations (Ref. 4778). Feed on small crustaceans (Ref. 4778). Adult photophore complement attained at about 19 mm SL (Ref. 4778). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35839). Spawning takes place throughout the year in Mediterranean (Ref. 37473).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quéro, J.-C., J.C. Njock and M.M. de la Hoz, 1990. Photichthyidae. p. 343-348. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4470)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.3 - 14.8, mean 10.6 °C (based on 508 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00375 - 0.02322), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.27 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .