Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Electrona: Greek, elektron = amber (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 90 - 1485 m (Ref. 104125). Deep-water; 55°N - 46°S
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Namibia, also the Mediterranean (gap across region of cyclonic gyre between the South Equatorial Countercurrent and western branch of Benguela Current (5°S-13°S). Larvae, however, are not found among the cruise collections in the Agulhas Current Region (Ref. 41388). Western Atlantic: off Suriname to Brazil (Ref. 13608). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indian Ocean: 0°-40°S. Western Pacific: Australia (Ref. 7300). Eastern Pacific: 42°-25°N, 5°-20°S and west of 80°W. Recorded from off Tungkang in Taiwan and Tungsha Islands in South China Sea (Ref. 39633).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.8, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479); max. reported age: 1.50 years (Ref. 31516)
Oceanic, found between 225-750 m during the day and between 90-375 m (juveniles) and 450-550 m (adults) at night. Epipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref. 31442). Widespread distribution in all oceans, limited by 10° and 15°C isotherms at 200 m and by a productivity greater than 50g Carbon per square meter per year. Sexually mature from about 5.9 cm. Spawn mainly during summer to autumn in the Mediterranean (Ref. 4775). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442). Also Ref. 58302.
Oviparous (Ref. 31442), determinate fecundity (Ref. 104737).
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.4 - 14.9, mean 10.1 °C (based on 1190 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=3.03; tmax=1.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .