Teleostei (teleosts) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Parablennius: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, blennios = mucus (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 3 - 15 m (Ref. 5981). Subtropical; 47°N - 9°N, 19°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: coast of Portugal, Spain and Morocco south to Guinea. Also in all parts of the Mediterranean (except Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Egypt), in the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea, and Canary Islands (Ref. 5981).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Adults occur over sandy bottoms with boulders and light vegetation. They hide in crevices where the nests are being guarded by the male (Ref. 5981). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Several females visit the hole to spawn with the resident male which guards the nest (Ref. 5981).
Bath, H., 1990. Blenniidae. p. 905-915. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5298)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 16.1 - 21.7, mean 19.2 °C (based on 643 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00475 - 0.01456), b=2.92 (2.77 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 115 [19, 351] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.38 [0.53, 4.36] mg/100g ; Protein = 4.03 [0.31, 7.75] % ; Omega3 = 0.443 [0.188, 1.034] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.83 [2.13, 28.31] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.6 [8.6, 54.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.25 [0.60, 2.47] mg/100g (wet weight);