Teleostei (teleosts) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Oedalechilus: Greek, oidaleos, -a, -on = swollen + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal. Subtropical; 46°N - 20°N, 18°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Gibraltar. Throughout the Mediterranean Sea but not in Black Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.9, range 11 - 15 cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2804); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 93212)
Neritic, found inshore, at mouths of rivers and sewage effluents but not entering brackish and freshwater (Ref. 7465). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ben-Tuvia, A., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 1197-1204. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 2804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 16.4 - 21.6, mean 19.3 °C (based on 138 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00700 - 0.01718), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 151 [63, 326] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.38 [0.64, 2.80] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.9, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.51 [0.27, 1.01] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.1 [10.8, 46.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.8 [4.0, 48.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.47 [0.97, 2.20] mg/100g (wet weight);