Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Alosidae
(Shads and Sardines)
Etymology: Brevoortia: From James Carson Brevoort (1818-1887), studie the fauna from Ohio and South Caroline (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Spix & Agassiz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Subtropical; 22°S - 38°S, 60°W - 42°W (Ref. 188)
Southwest Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil probably to mouth of Rio de la Plata, Argentina (needs confirmation).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111977)
spines: 0. Scutes apparent along belly. Upper jaw with distinct median notch. Pectoral fin tip short of pelvic fin base by width of 3 to 7 scales; pelvic fin with oblique and almost straight hind margin. Pre-dorsal scales modified; scales on back and above base of anal fin not markedly smaller than rest. A black spot behind gill opening, but none along flank.
Forms schools (Ref. 188). The morphological characteristics observed and the composition of the trophic spectrum indicate that this species is a filter-feeder, consuming mainly phytoplankton (Ref. 34154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 12.6 - 22.8, mean 16.8 °C (based on 104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00189 - 0.01159), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.31 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm=1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Very high vulnerability (79 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 112 [63, 192] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.62 [0.89, 2.74] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.3, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.536 [0.326, 0.892] g/100g ; Selenium = 21 [11, 42] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.8 [3.5, 29.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.996 [0.692, 1.440] mg/100g (wet weight);