Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Danionidae
(Danios) > Chedrinae
Etymology: Salmostoma: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal (Ref. 4832). Reported from Afghanistan (Ref. 41034).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)
Usually found in slow running streams (Ref. 4832). Adults occur in rivers, ponds, beels and inundated fields. Are surface feeders on larvae and adults of insects (Ref. 1479).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. i-liv + 1-541, 1 map (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00428 - 0.00973), b=2.92 (2.80 - 3.04), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 256 [139, 543] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.1 [0.8, 4.9] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [15.4, 18.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.206 [0.098, 0.440] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.3 [19.4, 84.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 63.1 [27.4, 147.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.64 [1.57, 4.13] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.