Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Kuhliidae
Etymology: Kuhlia: Because of Heindrich Kuhl, 1797-1821; researcher also with lizards (Gekkonidae).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range - 2 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Pacific: from the Ryukyus, Ogasawara, New Guinea, Vanuatu, eastern Australia, New Caledonia, and Fiji to Tahiti.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41640)
soft rays: 11. Preorbital serrae 14-21; body depth 2.55-2.85 in SL; orbit diameter 2.55-2.8 in head length; maxilla usually reaching to below anterior margin of pupil; caudal concavity 2.5-3.0 in head length. Silvery, front of lips and upper half of snout blackish; caudal fin yellow with a very broad black posterior margin, the upper and lower margins narrowly black, but broadening towards base, often connecting across base of fin (Ref. 41640).
Found inshore (Ref. 75154); also in brackish waters and ascends to middle reaches of rivers (Ref. 559)..
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and H.A. Randall, 2001. Review of the fishes of the genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific. Pac. Sci. 55(3):227-256. (Ref. 41640)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00607 - 0.03285), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 315 [165, 522] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.19 [0.68, 2.12] mg/100g ; Protein = 17 [16, 18] % ; Omega3 = 0.565 [0.264, 1.230] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.2 [18.9, 91.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.4 [26.3, 188.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.19 [1.52, 3.16] mg/100g (wet weight);