Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas)
Etymology: Herklotsichthys: After Janus Adrian Herklots, Australian ichthyologist, 1820-1872.
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 20°N - 9°S, 98°E - 129°E (Ref. 188)
Western Central Pacific: Gulf of Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Immediately distinguished from all other species of Herklotsichthys by the presence of two dark saddle-like blotches on the back, at the hind part of the dorsal fin base and a short distance behind this. Overlaps range of H. quadrimaculatus, which lacks the black saddles and has elongate wing-like scales underneath the normal paired pre-dorsal scales.
A schooling species found in coastal waters. Uncommon.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 28.1 - 29.1, mean 28.8 °C (based on 416 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 432 [241, 922] mg/100g; Iron = 2.84 [1.70, 4.82] mg/100g; Protein = 18.9 [17.8, 19.9] %; Omega3 = 0.51 [0.26, 0.98] g/100g; Selenium = 37.8 [17.6, 79.0] μg/100g; VitaminA = 39.8 [16.7, 90.4] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.34 [1.61, 3.50] mg/100g (wet weight);