Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Plesiopidae
(Roundheads) > Plesiopinae
Etymology: Paraplesiops: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, plesios = neighbour + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Peters.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated, usually 15 - 25 m (Ref. 27115). Temperate; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 27115)
Eastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia and South Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2156)
Adults occur in the vicinity of rocky reefs and caves, in comparatively shallow water (Ref. 2156). Eggs are guarded by the male parent (Ref. 205). Flesh is quite palatable.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are guarded by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.1 - 20.9, mean 17 °C (based on 54 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00175 - 0.01251), b=3.18 (2.95 - 3.41), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.65 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.9 [9.4, 34.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.192 [0.116, 0.336] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.2, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.266 [0.149, 0.494] g/100g ; Selenium = 10.5 [4.6, 23.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 68.3 [19.0, 237.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.674 [0.446, 1.013] mg/100g (wet weight);