Teleostei (teleosts) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Polynemidae
Etymology: Filimanus: Latin, filum = thread + latin, manus = hand (Ref. 45335); sealei: Named for A. Seale of the Bureau of Science for the Philippine Islands, the first to recognize the distinctness of this species (Ref. 39607).
More on authors: Jordan & Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical; 20°N - 12°S, 119°E - 163°E (Ref. 57343)
Western Central Pacific: Indonesia (Ref. 95025), Philippines, to the Solomon Islands. Occurrence in Australia needs confirmation.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57343)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 11. Distinguished by having eight (occasionally seven) pectoral filaments, not reaching midpoint of anal fin; depth of posterior margin of maxilla less than eye diameter; snout pointed; body in life usually blue above and silvery below (Ref. 39607); 11 anal-fin soft rays; 46-50 gill rakers; depth of posterior margin of maxilla less than eye diameter (Ref. 95025).
Reaches at least 15 cm SL (Ref. 57343).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 28.4 - 29.3, mean 28.9 °C (based on 569 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00307 - 0.01489), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).