Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 26999). Temperate; 49°N - 27°N, 28°W - 9°E
Eastern Atlantic: along the coasts of Europe and Africa from Biscay, the Azores, south to the Canary Islands, Algeria and Morocco.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52596); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2739); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 52596)
Found over hard bottom. Carnivorous (Ref. 2739). Minimum depth range from Ref. 121774.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, C.L., 1990. Serranidae. p. 695-706. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3589)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 16.3 - 19.4, mean 18.4 °C (based on 26 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00547 - 0.01209), b=3.09 (2.97 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 10.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Tmax=16; K=0.11).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29.4 [15.4, 69.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.33 [0.18, 0.65] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.0, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.636 [0.368, 1.144] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.2 [5.7, 24.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 37.2 [10.0, 163.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.493 [0.336, 0.721] mg/100g (wet weight);