Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Randall & Bruce.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 52753). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: known only the Persian Gulf to the southern coast of Oman, but not common in the south.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 3488)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1984. Scaridae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. (Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51). volume 3. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3488)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25 - 29.4, mean 27.6 °C (based on 156 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00671 - 0.03113), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Very high vulnerability (93 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 69.1 [38.7, 178.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.05 [0.59, 2.04] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [15.2, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.072, 0.243] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.1 [14.9, 69.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.7 [5.6, 60.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.26 [1.51, 3.49] mg/100g (wet weight);