Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: More on authors: Jordan & Bollman.
The species Larimus gulosus Hildebrand, 1946 is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jul. 2010: Ref. 84883) according to Chirichigno et al. (1998: Ref. 41235).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 29 - 50 m (Ref. 9118). Tropical; 24°N - 18°S, 108°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 18.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body moderately short, and not very deep; back little arched or elevated; mouth large and oblique; posterior end of upper jaw extending beyond center of eye; snout with 3 dorsql pores; lower branch of first gill arch with 20 to 21 gill rakers; pectoral fins with 16 to 17 rays; ctenoid scales on body; body gray to silvery brown, darker dorsally; flanks with very distinct black stripes along the scales rows; fins pale to grayish (Ref. 55763).
Uncommon species inhabiting coastal waters (Ref. 9118). Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans (Ref. 9118). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chao, L.N., 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.7 - 26, mean 23.4 °C (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00533 - 0.02588), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 150 [66, 357] mg/100g; Iron = 1.34 [0.62, 2.67] mg/100g; Protein = 18.9 [17.4, 20.5] %; Omega3 = 0.205 [0.090, 0.401] g/100g; Selenium = 37.6 [17.0, 88.0] μg/100g; VitaminA = 29 [7, 127] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.88 [0.54, 1.42] mg/100g (wet weight);