Teleostei (teleosts) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Chaenomugil: Greek, chaeno = to yawn + Latin, mugil, -is = grey mullet (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Tropical; 25°N - 7°N
Eastern Central Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands and Mexico to Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9321)
Inhabit rocky littoral zones. Feed on algae that grows on rocks by scraping it off with its specialized teeth. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Probably caught incidentally with other mullets. May be found in Panama markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Harrison, I.J., 1995. Mugilidae. Lisas. p. 1293-1298. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9321)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.3 - 29.1, mean 28.2 °C (based on 123 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00558 - 0.02474), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 266 [101, 662] mg/100g; Iron = 1.76 [0.76, 3.99] mg/100g; Protein = 17.9 [16.1, 19.6] %; Omega3 = 0.332 [0.155, 0.753] g/100g; Selenium = 37.4 [17.0, 90.4] μg/100g; VitaminA = 25.1 [5.7, 105.7] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.11 [1.38, 3.25] mg/100g (wet weight);