Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulopsis: Greek, haimaleos = bloody + Greek, opsis = with appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical; 32°N - 12°S, 115°W - 77°W
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9114); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9114)
Body robust, compressed, and not very deep (depth contained 2.7 to 3.3 times in standard length); mouth small and terminal, its posterior end located at the same level as the anterior rim of the eye; first gill arch with 17 to 20 gill rakers; dorsal fin notched, with 12 spines ad 14 to 15 soft rays (XII, 14-15); second anal spine shorter than third; body silvery bronzed; scales dark edged, forming longitudinal lines along each series of scales; anterior end of lateral line with an indistinct spot (Ref. 55763).
Inhabits coastal seas, on sandy or muddy bottoms. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
McKay, R.J. and M. Schneider, 1995. Haemulidae. Burros, corocoros, chulas, gallinazos, roncos. p. 1136-1173. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion