Teleostei (teleosts) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Syngnathus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944); 71°N - 30°N, 11°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: Vardø, Norway, Baltic Sea and the British Isles to Morocco. Also throughout the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Record off Ghana is still questionable (Ref. 4509).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Snout is compressed and taller than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388) and anterior trunk rings not fused ventrally (Ref. 59043).
Usually found along the coasts and estuaries at a temperature range of 8° to 24°C (Ref. 4944). Often associated with Zostera or other vegetation (Ref. 6733). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Spawns in summer (Ref. 35388).
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205, 53335).
Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 628-639. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 2. Unesco, Paris. (Ref. 6733)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums
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