Teleostei (teleosts) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinopsidae
(Neotropical silversides) > Menidiinae
Etymology: Atherinella: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770, diminutive (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical; 24°N - 5°N
Eastern Central Pacific: Baja California, Mexico and the Revillagigedo Island to Puerto Utria, Colombia, including the Gulf of California (Ref. 36497).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Forms small schools in shallow bays and near coastal reefs (Ref. 9273). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36497). Eggs are presumably attached to spawning substrate via adhesive filaments (Ref. 36497).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lavenberg, R.J. and M. Chernoff, 1995. Atherinidae. Pejerreyes. p. 889-901. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9273)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24 - 28.6, mean 27.6 °C (based on 26 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00235 - 0.01172), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 206 [113, 455] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.33 [0.68, 2.31] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.3, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.125 [0.048, 0.355] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.3 [12.1, 69.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 138 [43, 445] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.37 [1.49, 3.58] mg/100g (wet weight);