Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.8 - 7.2; dH range: 4 - 15. Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060)
South America: Negro, Tapajós, Madeira, Solimões, Amazon, and Orinoco River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38289)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Langeani, F., 1999. New species of Hemiodus (Ostariophysi, Characiformes, Hemiodontidae) from the Rio Tocantins, Brazil, with comments on color patterns and tooth shapes within the species and genus. Copeia 1999(3):718-722. (Ref. 31397)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00223 - 0.01026), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).