Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Arnoglossus: Greek, aros, -oy = lamb + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335). More on author: Alcock.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 18 - 141 m (Ref. 4900). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Red Sea, through the northern Indian Ocean to the South China Sea, north to southern Japan and south to the Indo-Australian Archipelago and New Caledonia. Report from Madagascar needs confirmation.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9824)
soft rays: 65 - 77;
Vertebrae: 41 - 42. Body with a large dark spot posteriorly on the base of both the dorsal and anal fins and with elongated anterior rays in the dorsal fin.
Inhabits sand, mud, and gravel bottoms (Ref. 9824). Feeds on benthic animals (Ref. 8924).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Amaoka, K., O. Okamura and T. Yoshino, 1992. First records of two bothid flounders, Grammatobothus polyophthalmus and Arnoglossus tapeinosoma, from Japan. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 39(3):259-264. (Ref. 9203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.3 - 28.3, mean 27.1 °C (based on 792 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00407 - 0.02046), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .