Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 40 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Pacific Ocean. Allopatric with sister species Pempheris tominagai which is widely distributed in the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
Inhabits rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Found hiding in caves during the day and feeding on zooplankton at night. Solitary or in small groups (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.4 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 490 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00539 - 0.03078), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 92.8 [46.8, 142.1] mg/100g; Iron = 0.797 [0.472, 1.311] mg/100g; Protein = 18.4 [17.2, 19.5] %; Omega3 = 0.12 [0.07, 0.20] g/100g; Selenium = 26.6 [13.8, 51.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 118 [36, 386] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.29 [0.86, 1.84] mg/100g (wet weight);