Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 28 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Fiji.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); 23.0 cm NG (female)
soft rays: 17 - 18. Has a white mid-lateral stripe from the upper pectoral base to the tail. Males have narrow diagonal lines on the cheek. (Ref. 37816). Fine spotting over the back (Ref. 48636). Scales on back above white stripe with dark edges, many with outer half dark brown. An orange-yellow bar at base of pectoral fins (Ref 42740).
Found in shallow protected sandy areas near reefs of lagoons and bays to at least 28 m (Ref. 9710), often amongst boulders (Ref. 48636, 58652). Minimum depth of 10 m reported from Ref. 37816, 90102.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.7 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 388 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00381 - 0.01146), b=3.04 (2.89 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 82.4 [45.1, 125.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.622 [0.394, 0.997] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [15.9, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.092 [0.057, 0.151] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.9 [15.8, 54.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 92.9 [33.4, 248.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [1.00, 1.98] mg/100g (wet weight);