Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Ecsenius: Greek, exenios, -os, -on = uncontrolled, immoderate. More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea (including the Gulf of Aqaba) to the westernmost Gulf of Aden.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272)
(total): 12 - 14;
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 35 - 37. Dorsal fin typically XIII, 16-19 (rarely 16 or 19), spinous and segmented-ray portions with moderate notch in-between. Anal fin II,18-21 (rarely 18 or 21). Pectoral fin 13-15 (rarely 13, typically 14). Segmented caudal-fin rays 13. Vertebrae 10 or 11 (rarely 10) + 24-26 (rarely
24) = 35-37 (rarely 35). Dentary incisor teeth which includes anterior canine teeth very similar in appearance with incisors, 44-54; posterior dentary canines 0 or 1 (typically 1) on each side. Lateral line lacking pairs of pores, terminating posteriorly at a point between verticals from dorsal-fin spines 8 and 11 (rarely as far anteriorly as 8). With cirrus on posterior rim of anterior nostril; absent on anterior rim. Two color patterns: pale (northern) and dark (southern).
Mimics Meiacanthus nigrolineatus (Ref. 9710). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Springer, V.G., 1988. The Indo-Pacific blenniid fish genus Ecsenius. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (465):134 p. (Ref. 5296)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 29.4, mean 27.2 °C (based on 134 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00341 - 0.01686), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .