Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 320 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: Japan and northwestern Hawaiian Is., east and west coast of Australia, Rapa and Easter Is.; and from the Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7097); common length : 30.0 cm Fl male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283)
Adults are pelagic (Ref. 58302), in oceanic and inshore waters (Ref. 9563) forming schools (Ref. 9283). They feed mainly on planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Edwards, A., 1990. Fish and fisheries of Saint Helena Island. Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. (Ref. 5288)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually